...Powered by the inexhaustible WIND and WAVE energy of the Ocean
Creating potable water through reverse osmosis on board a ship is not a new concept....every naval vessel and cruise ship in the world has desalination plants on board. What is new is using the power of the Ocean to energize the plant thru innovative WIND and WAVE capture technologies, and then pumping large volumes (50 MGD) of water to shore for consumption!
By creating a semi-permanent platform to house the RO Desalination plant anchored several miles offshore, WaterClear PLUS is able to overcome many of the objections to Ocean Desalination and provide large volume water to a Thirsty World.
Imagine a fleet of these ships putting a real dent in California's fresh water supply issues!
- Able to live thru a seismic event unscathed, and continue to provide potable water in emergencies
- Not susceptible to tsunami damage
- Inexhaustible energy source - The Ocean WIND and WAVE energy
- Renewable energy not Grid energy
- Not reliant upon the existence of an energy Grid (Developing Countries)
- Ship's engines can run on Bio-Diesel for a 3rd energy source
- Shore power connection for back-up energy if needed, or export of surplus energy
- Underwater pipeline delivers up to 50 MGD of desalinated water - minimal environmental impact
- Cavernous hull large enough to house large RO Desalination plant
- Reduced permitting vs. shore based sites
Multiple energy sources
WIND (Off-shore and On-board)
RENEWABLE SHORE POWER
WaterClear PLUS uses all available energy sources to power the Reverse Osmosis Desalination plant on board the tanker.
WIND - Offshore, where the tankers are anchored, the wind is generally stronger. WaterClear PLUS can use a variety of wind capture technologies to power the plant, depending upon the locations and sea conditions. "Offshore Wind" is a known technology and is well understood. Siting an Offshore Wind platform near the WaterClear PLUS tanker can provide more than adequate power for the Desalination Process.
WIND - On board. Using Vertically Oriented Turbines, the wind generation platform can be located on the deck of the tanker. These 'egg-beater' turbines have a lower center of gravity and are more appropriate for use on the ship.
WAVE - On board. Wave energy capture has been under investigation for many years, and various models and designs have been tried and most have failed. Using an innovation undergoing patent review, WaterClear PLUS has incorporated the wave energy capture into the ballast of the ship, and when anchored beam-to the prevailing swell, the ship is able to generate energy internally, without appendages or levers in the open ocean and natural corrosive qualities of the Ocean.
BIO-DIESEL - The existing engine(s) on the tanker can be converted to operate on Bio-Diesel, which can be used to power the RO plant. Many tankers use a diesel engine to generate electricity which powers the propeller(s). WaterClear PLUS can utilize that electricity to power the RO plant instead. In emergencies, or when Bio-Diesel is not available, standard diesel may be substituted (not preferred).
SHORE POWER - An undersea tether to shore provides both communications and electricity to the Water Clear PLUS tanker. When needed, the tanker can draw energy from the grid. And when available, excess energy can be sold back to the grid, providing yet another revenue source.
RENEWABLE SHORE POWER - By establishing contracts with remote Solar or Wind farms, WaterClear PLUS is able to power the ship using renewable energy generated on shore. The load profile of the ship can be tailored to available energy from the renewable sources.
Pumping water to shore via underwater pipeline
Undersea pipelines are well understood in the Oil and Gas business - now WaterClear PLUS is using similar technology for fresh water and is able to pump 50 MGD (Million Gallons per Day) of fresh, potable water to shore.
By anchoring offshore, WaterClear PLUS ships are able to be in the higher wind and wave zone, and further from neighbors who may object to seeing the ship. Undersea pipelines can stretch for hundreds of miles, but in reality 10 miles or so should suffice for most locations.
Unlike oil and gas pipelines, leaks are not environmentally disastrous - leaking clean water into the Ocean does no more damage than a river or stream running into the Ocean.